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You may want to have a look at those two articles since it provides a high level view of what tools are available in the market for Functional UI Test automation, either for Web, Mobile or Desktop and then a deeper analysis of code design approaches. In this article I will describe broadly the technical highlights of how Desktop UI automation is done and I will describe the main features of a relatively new test framework that is becoming a must-use for UI automation for Windows-based applications.

Microsoft has announced that it recommends the following technologies as replacements:. Given that announcement, if you have an interest or a need to be able to provide Desktop UI automation support for one of your projects, please read forward as I list the main features of WinAppDriver. WinAppDriver is a test framework developed by Microsoft as an open source project, it's an implementation of Appium which is primarily a Mobile App framework, itself based on Selenium.

Therefore WinAppDriver is a Selenium-like automation framework. This project is combining the best of two worlds, on one hand it encapsulates most of the technology of the now deprecated CodedUI and it fuses it with the flexibility, easiness of use and adoption of Selenium. Unlike Web UI automation, when working with Desktop applications, there is more variance on the technologies that could have been used to develop the application you are testing. This has an impact in the toolset's ability to identify and perform actions on a given UI element:.

UIA is an accessibility framework not a test framework and it is not meant to be used as such. Thanks for the nice article.

winappdriver samples

What is currently bothering me is the complete lack of activity in the github repo. There's also an issue on this topic, but no feedback from Microsoft. Do you have any corresponding information you can share? I reached out to Hassan and he told me that the WinAppDriver team is ongoing a transition. He will update the other thread with more information in the coming weeks.

All I can say is that WinAppDriver is a key part of the toolset that my team Microsoft Test Team uses on our Consulting and Premier engagements and we will keep advocating for it internally. You must be a registered user to add a comment. If you've already registered, sign in. Otherwise, register and sign in. Sign In. Azure Dynamics Microsoft Power Platform.Welcome back. I go over some of the prerequisites to follow along with the examples in the Introduction to WinAppDriver post.

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If you run into any difficulty getting WinAppDriver running go read through the documentation there. Alright, so you have WinAppDriver installed and running. The default IP address it binds to is It looks a bit like this when it is running:.

The org. I use Maven as my build tool so I have a pom. I will not be keeping the versions updated in this post. Just use it as a guide. The Selenium selenium-java and Appium java-client need to be compatible with each other. So when you update one update the other. I am also using JUnit in this example and the dependency is listed above as well. Now that the imports and dependencies are setup lets write some code. The first thing to do is new up and configure your desiredCapabilities object. This will look familiar to anyone who has used Selenium for web testing before:.

The first thing is does is to new up an instance of DesiredCapabilites. Then the setCapability member function is called on the new appCapabilities class to configure the object. Passing the path as the second parameter works for classic Windows apps. An example would be: Microsoft. App for the Calculator app bundled with Windows. Then when the test script is done running I have some clean-up I want it to do every time so I put that in the AfterClass:.

WinAppDriver remains running in the background waiting to accept new connection requests. Then the test function will run closing BuggyForm. Followed by the AfterClass to clean up the session. The easiest way is to have access to the source code and go look it up. Since I wrote BugyForm as an example application I just so happened to have the source code. That is where Inspect. Inspect is bundled with the Windows Development Kit, an installer for which is available from Microsoft here.

The applications should look something like this:. It is a good thing I work in test automation and not web development. That image is barely legible. Pop it open in a new tab so you can zoom in.

Automate Windows Desktop Apps with WebDriver- WinAppDriver

The property that Inspect. The steely eyed test automation engineers in the crowd will have already noticed a problem with this. The match is case sensitive. The corrected code runs much better:. One thing that can be done when you run into this is to call WindowsDriver.You can use the UI Recorder to track keyboard and mouse interactions and then view generated C code. Is CodedUI the preferred way to do testing of apps in Windows 7 then? But for Windows 10, we would start using WinAppDriver?

In order to put WinAppDriver into a pipeline, we would need to do something similar, correct? CodedUI required VS enterprise edition. Does WinAppDriver have any similar requirements? Since most is open source, it should be good with Community edition? PHBeagle :. WinAppDriver is the recommend solution for app testing on Windows For Windows 7, CodedUI support will be limited but will continue to be the preferred way for app testing. Coded UI is a fully supported feature.

As such, our investments in Coded UI will be selective and limited to supporting customers on any issues they encounter. We will be improving our support for authoring and running WebDriver based Selenium and Appium tests. We're currently in talks with the DevOps team to simply the process of integrating with WinAppDriver. What's the strategy for cross-platform testing of Xamarin. There are missing references. Can you please tell me what NuGet packages I need? Many Thanks Ewan.

Actually with reference to my last comment, I found the answer myself. Core, appium-dotnet-driver and a few other references If so why is the port ?

Part 1 - An Introduction to C# for Automation Testing

I have the solution and it stops at line 43 in AlarmClockSession. ClassInitialize threw exception. WebDriverException: Unexpected error. SocketException: No connection could be made because the target machine actively refused it I also wondered how we can verify that "app" and "Microsoft. App" are the correct values. I have little idea why these strings are set to those values. Sorry, me again.

Writing Tests in Java for WinAppDriver

When I launch WinAppDriver. It this a problem?

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In your video, the CMD window appears to remain open. Is this a known problem and is am I right in thinking that the WinAppDriver CMD window is required to stay open for this test project to work? Sign in to subscribe An error occurred, please try again later Close. Oct 04, at AM. Average of 4 out of 5 stars 5 ratings Sign in to rate Close. Sign in to queue Sorry, an error occurred. Tags: Developer Toolstesting toolsCoding. Good video. Thank you for sharing.Application automation always adds value to any Agile project.

Most folks, including me, automate web applications using Selenium-like tools or Appium for mobile apps automation. In a recent project, we worked with a Selenium and Java built framework.

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One of the core challenges while selecting an automation tool that can integrate with this framework was working with a Windows application. This has primarily been the reason they are not widely used. In this post, we show how to automate Windows applications using WinAppDriver, a free tool provided by Microsoft. A few noteworthy freeware do exist, however, each tool has its own limitation. Sikuli — Sikuli can automate anything that is displayed on the screen. Since it is based on image comparison, the slightest difference between two machines such as screen resolutions, operating system upgradesetc.

This makes Sikuli-based systems unsustainable and unmaintainable. VBScript and SendKeys. The lack of common scripting languages gives AutoIt a steep learning curve.

Winium — Winium is a Selenium-based tool for testing and automating desktop applications on a Windows desktop. It uses selenium-based libraries however the community has made only two releases and there is no active work or maintenance since then. Windows Application Driver will then be running on the test machine listening to requests on the default IP address and port In this example, I am inspecting the elements of the Calculator application. You can use several programming languages with WinAppDriver to code the automation.

Listed below is the code to launch the session for the Calculator application:. Appium supports several locators such as accessibility ID, class name, ID, name, tag nameand xpath. Most widely used attributes are ID, name, xpath and accessibility ID. The preferred way to automate the application is by using the accessibility ID.In the WebDriver Seriesyou can find invaluable tips and tricks about web automation.

I will dedicate the next couple of articles on the automation of desktop apps. This will be the first article from the series helping you to get started. Open Windows 10 Settings. Click For Developers tab. Choose the Developer mode option. You can use some other unit test framework if you don't like NUnit. All other packages are installed together with Appium.

Windows Application Driver is integrated with Appiummeaning if you use Appium as part of the test runner then it will launch WinAppDriver. Before you can run your tests you need to start the WinAppDriver server. For the app optionyou need to set the appId for the desktop application that you want to automate. In future you will be able to automate other MS devices such as XBox then you will set something else. In short, you can use the below PowerShell code to locate the appId of all installed apps.

The latest Visual Studio version by default includes the Windows SDK with a great tool to inspect the application you are testing. This inspect. Once started, each time you point some element, you can find a detailed information which you can later use to locate it in WebDriver. Matched Attribute in inspect. Bellow, you can find a simple NUnit test for testing the default Windows 10 Calculator. We add 5 to 7 and expect 12 to be the result.

We locate the buttons by name through the help of inspect. We need to modify a little bit the result to simplify the code of the rest of the tests.

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Below you can find a couple of more tests where we execute various calculator operations. In each test, we use different locator strategies so that you can see all of them in action.

The last test shows how you can use data driven testing in desktop apps' automation.Keywords: appiumtest-automationui-testingwindows If you've been looking for better support for using Appium to test Windows Applications, then this service is for you! Windows Application Driver will then be running on the test machine listening to requests on the default IP address and port You can then run any of our Tests or Samples.

Note : You must run WinAppDriver. This test machine can then serve any JSON wire protocol commands coming from the test runner remotely through the network.

winappdriver samples

Below are the steps to the one-time setup for the test machine to receive inbound requests:. These samples showcase various commands and operations such as opening applications, finding elements, clicking elements, typing keystrokes, reading texts, etc. This repository also includes some tests that are used to verify the functionality of Windows Application Driver itself.

As a result, these tests are excellent sources to see how to invoke certain command in C test scripts.

winappdriver samples

In the example below, we will author the test script in C using Microsoft Visual Studio. Note : in Visual Studio make sure you have the optional.

NET desktop development workload installed. To test a UWP app, simply specify the Application Id for the application you want to test in the app capabilities entry when you are creating a session.

You can also specify launching arguments if your application supports them through appArguments capability. To test a classic Windows app, specify the full executable path for the app under test in the app capabilities entry when creating a new session.

Similar with modern UWP app, you can specify launching arguments through appArguments capability. But unlike modern apps, you can also specify the app working directory for a classic app through "appWorkingDir" capability. Below is an example of creating a test session for the Notepad app that opens MyTestFile. One test session typically corresponds to one app top level window. As long as you have your session alive, you can send input interactions and navigate the app elements tree.

On a Windows 10 PC however, an app could trigger external changes such as toast notifications, app tiles, etc. In addition, some apps also respond to external events that can be triggered through the start menu or other sources. Windows Application Driver supports all these scenarios by exposing the entire desktop through a Root session that can be created as shown below.Keywords: appiumtest-automationui-testingwindows If you've been looking for better support for using Appium to test Windows Applications, then this service is for you!

Windows Application Driver will then be running on the test machine listening to requests on the default IP address and port You can then run any of our Tests or Samples.

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Note : You must run WinAppDriver. This test machine can then serve any JSON wire protocol commands coming from the test runner remotely through the network. Below are the steps to the one-time setup for the test machine to receive inbound requests:.

These samples showcase various commands and operations such as opening applications, finding elements, clicking elements, typing keystrokes, reading texts, etc. This repository also includes some tests that are used to verify the functionality of Windows Application Driver itself. As a result, these tests are excellent sources to see how to invoke certain command in C test scripts. In the example below, we will author the test script in C using Microsoft Visual Studio.

Note : in Visual Studio make sure you have the optional. NET desktop development workload installed. To test a UWP app, simply specify the Application Id for the application you want to test in the app capabilities entry when you are creating a session. You can also specify launching arguments if your application supports them through appArguments capability.

To test a classic Windows app, specify the full executable path for the app under test in the app capabilities entry when creating a new session. Similar with modern UWP app, you can specify launching arguments through appArguments capability. But unlike modern apps, you can also specify the app working directory for a classic app through "appWorkingDir" capability. Below is an example of creating a test session for the Notepad app that opens MyTestFile.

One test session typically corresponds to one app top level window. As long as you have your session alive, you can send input interactions and navigate the app elements tree. On a Windows 10 PC however, an app could trigger external changes such as toast notifications, app tiles, etc.

In addition, some apps also respond to external events that can be triggered through the start menu or other sources. Windows Application Driver supports all these scenarios by exposing the entire desktop through a Root session that can be created as shown below.

In some cases, you may want to test applications that are not launched in a conventional way like shown above. For instance, the Cortana application is always running and will not launch a UI window until triggered through Start Menu or a keyboard shortcut.

In this case, you can create a new session in Windows Application Driver by providing the application top level window handle as a hex string E.